Children of Yemen and Poverty  

Dr. Fathia Mohammad Baheshwan

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The events in Yemen cast a shadow over all aspects of human life, which led to the deterioration of economic conditions, high rates of poverty and unemployment, an unprecedented increase in the number of displaced people, and an insane rise in food and medicine prices. There is no doubt that poverty has become one of the most important real threats to the economic, security and social stability of the family. As a result of all of the above, children suffer from various types of deprivation, and in many cases are exposed to physical and psychological violence, and this suffering increases in light of the increasing poverty of their families.

The number of children living in poor families and their income is few and their percentage is increasing, and this is causing the exacerbation of their miserable living conditions and further depriving them of their rights as children.

Human rights laws define the child as the one who has not exceeded eighteen years old, and childhood is the first age stage in which the child lives without being disturbed by impurities of life, or changing his values ​​or changing his morals, principles and behaviors. So, he deals with his common sense, which is - childhood - an endless peace.

The International Organization for Children Protection (IODRC) has warned that the sharp price of most commodities, foodstuffs and consumables in Yemen, and the recent collapse of the value of the national currency to its lowest levels are pushing more children into poverty and hunger, and the inability of families to buy food from local markets. The organization also indicates, in its warning, that many of the children of Yemen live on bread and water, with devastating effects on their health, exacerbating the hunger crisis, persistent malnutrition, and stunting their physical and mental development, at a time when desperate fathers sell their women's gold to provide medical care for their children.

In a recent UNICEF report released in July on the impact of the conflict on children's education in Yemen, out-of-school children or those who have recently dropped out of school may never return if they are not properly supported. In addition, the report stated that (10) children, (8) of whom live with families that do not have enough income to meet the basic needs, then the worsening of the bad situation due to the Covid-19 pandemic, led to the expansion of the cycle of poverty and its severity raised to include more people. UNICEF warns that the side effects of the pandemic will be significant on children and are likely to require a long-term response.

Conditions can lead to many children being disabled and unable to obtain the care they need, and access to health services and medicines is often reduced either because poor families cannot afford health care, or because entire health care systems sometimes collapse; in addition to malnutrition, which impedes growth and weakens the immune system, which greatly increases the risks of morbidity and death.

Poverty is one of the hardest things a person can be exposed to, especially children. It affects their psychological and social behavior, and pushes them to isolation and quarrels with their closest friends. Children may also suffer from depression, anxiety, fear, anger, and sleep problems.

In fact, poverty is one of the most important real threats to stability and safety for the family and the child.

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