International and Sustainable Development

DR. Ahlam Abdelbaki Elqobati

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Sustainability as a system includes modern transformations in developmental change taking the character of reconstruction so that it works on a strategy to meet the basic needs of individuals and improve their conditions in the long term in addition to developing individual and institutional capabilities as an essential step for self-improvement.

Whereas international development is a concept used in a comprehensive and multi-pronged context for human and material development concerned with developing the quality of life for people and the requirements of the surrounding environment, and includes foreign aid, developing governance systems, health care, education, poverty reduction, gender equality, disaster preparedness, and building infrastructure, level of individual enjoyment of human rights, the environment and the economy. The issues related to international development consists specifically of the bodies and policies that emerged after World War II.  The bodies focus on alleviating poverty and improving living conditions in third world countries.

In other words, the concept of international development is related to the concept of international aid, disaster relief and reconstruction operations due to conflicts.  While these two forms of international support seek to alleviate some of the problems associated with the lack of development methods, they are most of the time short-term reforms that do not focus on finding long-term solutions.

The international development may sometimes seek to implement long-term solutions to problems by assisting developing countries to provide the necessary capacity to avail sustainable solutions to solve their problems. Any international development programs focus on transformational method to address a specific phenomenon or a series of projects targeting several aspects of society. Such as programs which contain problem-solving which reflects a unique culture and focuses on the ideology of societies, geopolitics, and economics.

According to the 1994 Human Development Report, sustainable human development is described as: development that is pro-human, pro-nature, and pro-employment. It is a development that not only generates economic growth, but also distributes its fruits equitably.  A Development that regenerates the environment instead of destroying it and a development that empowers individuals rather than marginalizing them, a one that broadens the range of individuals and societies’ choices, and the opportunities for them to participate in all decisions that affect their lives,

  • Definition of sustainable development - the World Commission for Environment and Development (WCED)

  • Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. "

  • That is, "the development that meets the needs of the present without threatening or risking the ability of future generations to meet their needs."

In any case, the members of society are an essential element in order for development to actually take place. It is necessary to pay attention to human capital as it is both a means and an end. Among the indicators that lead to achieving development goals are the satisfaction of the basic needs of individuals, the high level of the individual’s income in society, self-sufficiency, and lack of need to seek help from others.

Here we can say, if we want to work to advance the pillars of sustainable development for Yemen, whether there is regional international support or by relying on popular participation and official and civil society institutions, there must be concerted efforts towards a planned development process according to the requirements of the reconstruction process, in line with the dimensions of sustainable development and aimed at meeting all the needs of the current generation without threatening the needs of future generations. In this context, it is imperative to focus on programs that aim at empowering youth and women, fighting poverty by building local economies, building an effective institutional system, developing an independent education system in all its stages, taking care of the environment and preserving water resources.

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