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YIC delivers some of Yemen's most essential and timely scientific research that generates tested results that inform projects for Yemen's future. Our in-depth studies highlight the challenges and opportunities in reconstruction planning, sustainable development, peacebuilding, societal transformation, and much more.
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The Role of Women in Peace Building
Research No13 - July 2022
Women's participation at the economic and political levels faces many challenges and obstacles, which vary in terms of cultural formation and social development in different societies. Great hopes are currently attached to the role of women in promoting and consolidating the culture of peace. The current report focused on several key points: The concept of peace and its dimensions, women’s empowerment and its fields, realistic experiences of women’s support for peace, women and their participation in peace negotiations, Yemeni women and peacebuilding, in addition to the peace values among Yemeni women.
The report also concluded several key points which should be taken into consideration: Determining the role that women are required to play in the field of peace, finding solutions to challenges and obstacles, which limit and restrict
women’s active role in general, and focusing on community awareness campaigns on the importance of the role of women.
A Suggested Visualization to Ensure the Quality and School Accreditation for General Education Institutions in Yemen
Research No12 - July 2021
Education remains the great force for building peoples and nations, as it plays a role in the development of human forces which is reflected in the development of those peoples. Therefore, the current research aims to improve the quality of general education outcomes in Yemen by presenting a suggested visualization for the implementation of
the quality assurance and school accreditation system in primary and secondary schools.
The research relied on the descriptive survey method, as the reality of general education quality indicators was identified and the difficulties faced, in addition to knowing the concept of quality and school accreditation in education, discussing the requirements for its application in schools, and reviewing the experiences of countries in applying quality assurance and school accreditation at the schools. Thus, the research reached several results, the most important of which are:
1. The indicators of general education in Yemen showed the low level of quality of the educational process, which contributed to the low level of student achievement, especially that the educational process in general education schools in Yemen faces many difficulties in many areas, including: the field of school administration, teacher advancement and their training, infrastructure (school building and laboratories), school curriculum and community partnership.
2. The process of applying quality assurance and school accreditation contributes to improving the performance and the quality of educational outputs, in light of administrative, legislative, financial, and educational requirements. The quality assurance and school accreditation models also indicated that the process of obtaining school accreditation is carried out by specialized bodies and according to specific criteria, through self-evaluation and external evaluation
A Proposal for Yemen’s Reconstruction Mechanisms
Research No11 - July 2021
The current report deals with the causes of the conflict, the problems and the effects it left behind in Yemen, and highlights the concept of reconstruction and its fields, and the challenges that impede the reconstruction process in Yemen. It also dealt with the requirements of reconstruction together with the requirements of political transition, security and stability, the importance of the governance system and the establishment of the principle of the civil state, in addition to the humanitarian assistance and administrative aspect requirements, the economic and social reconstruction, the infrastructure aspect, and the requirements of the gender equality. The report concluded by presenting a proposal on the mechanisms of reconstruction in Yemen within six main axes, as it touched upon:
First: The mechanism for restoring stability and security through the implementation of national reconciliation, transitional justice, and reformulating security-related policies.
Second: The mechanism for strengthening humanitarian interventions in Yemen, by activating the humanitarian aid system, which represents a package of integrated and coordinated measures in order to protect life and its continuity, maintain human dignity, ensure the protection of civilians, assist the return and integration of the displaced persons, and help reviving social and economic activity.
Third: The reconstruction and economic development mechanisms that address criteria for bridging the gap
between relief and development, in addition to building institutions and strengthening their independence to ensure economic management, in addition to the importance of building human capital capacities at the local and national levels through policy development, needs identification, and capacity building on the planning, implementation,
monitoring and evaluation of all programs. The report also addressed the importance of preparing a technological database to support the reconstruction and development.
Fourth: The administrative reconstruction building mechanism represented in the establishment of a financially and administratively independent public authority based on a sound institutional structure that adheres to transparency and impartiality in its work as there are suggested ways and mechanisms to improve the effectiveness of the human resources sector.
Fifth: The mechanisms for the reconstruction of social development, which deals with the necessity of activating the concept of citizenship, consolidating its standards, involving communities to rebuild at the level of development partners, and achieving food security by strengthening social cohesion. It also reviewed the most important mechanisms and treatments for the main sectors affected by the infrastructure (housing, health, education, water and energy, transport and tourism sector).
Sixth: The mechanisms of gender equality through the importance of working to activate the full participation of women in all aspects of the public life, and in the political and economic fields in particular, as well as finding legal frameworks for the effective implementation of constitutional provisions and laws that promote and protect the rights of women and girls. In conclusion, the report indicates that stopping conflicts has become an urgent necessity, and that initiating a dialogue of peace and national reconciliation and working to implement transitional justice is important to start reconstruction, and that the national interest must prevail over personal interests, and move forward in building the social fabric to modernize the institutional building in state systems of paramount importance, in addition to modernizing the judiciary, enhancing women’s participation, allowing all segments of society to participate in political and economic life, and strengthening the economy by opening the door for investment and encouraging investors.
Analysis That Matters.